All you need to know about blood pressure

This article has been updated 04 04 2022

1. Decipher the concepts: systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Blood pressure is measured by several measures.
Systolic pressure is the upper pressure when the first sounds appear in the tonometer cuff when the pressure drops.The index of this pressure is mainly related to the contraction of the heart and the release of blood into the vascular bed ( heart contraction i.e. systole). The blood pressure ranges from 100 to 120 millimeters Hg.
Diastolic pressure is the pressure level corresponding to the period. when the pulse sounds fade as the pressure in the tonometer cuff decreases further. They correspond to the period of relaxation of the heart (i.e. diastole). The value of this pressure fluctuates between 60 and 70 mLmHg.

2. What is a weak pulse, an arrhythmia?

A weak pulse is when it is not detectable or barely detectable in a typical location on the forearm.
Arrhythmia is an irregular pulse or irregular heartbeat.
Determined on the forearm by listening to the heart.

3. What are the limits of normal blood pressure for people of different ages?

Blood pressure is considered normal between 120/70 and 100/60.
As you age, your blood pressure will increase slightly to 130/70. All other readings are pathological.

4.Why should wrist tonometers not be used by people with arrhythmias and weak pulse?

It is possible to miss fluctuations on the wrist and distort the readings of the device.

5. Why is there a large gap between the upper and lower blood pressures and why is there a small one?

Large gaps between systole and diastole pressure occur with hypertension. Small gaps in hypertension are also possible, but with concomitant cardiac pathology, increased blood circulation volume or peripheral vascular spasm.

6. What is more dangerous for a person with elevated upper or elevated lower blood pressure?

Any pressure increase is a manifestation of a disease.
High blood pressure (hypertension) can be complicated by a cerebral circulation disorder (hemorrhage). Low blood pressure (hypotension) develops with vegetative vascular dystonia and fainting may occur.

7. What is the best tonometer to use to measure blood pressure in athletes?

Electronic wrist-mounted tonometers are best for this purpose. You can monitor your pulse and blood pressure with them immediately while exercising, for example, while running.

8. Can I use electronic tonometers for arrhythmia and weak pulse?

You can. Now developed electronic tonometers class "FUZZY LOGIC". This is a system of intelligent logic, which automatically selects the best calculation formula, making it possible to measure at a weak and irregular pulse from the calculation of average values.

9. Which hand is the best hand to measure pressure on?

The difference in pressure on the hands can be quite significant, so it is recommended to measure on the hand with the higher blood pressure values.

10. Why can physician measurements be different from self-measurements?

Often when the doctor measures the blood pressure the patient registers a higher value (30-40 mmHg higher) than when measuring at home, which is explained by the "white-coat effect", i.e. the stressful situation associated with the doctor's examination. Some patients experience something similar even with self-measurement (hypertensive reaction to the measurement procedure); therefore, in home blood pressure self-monitoring it is considered correct to repeat measurements 2-3 times in a row and take the average value of these measurements as the true blood pressure level.

11. What is PAD technology used in Microlife blood pressure monitors (Switzerland)?

PAD technology was developed and patented worldwide by Microlife - today it is one of the most reliable ways to detect arrhythmia in the home. Microlife tonometers with PAD technology recognize the very first symptoms of arrhythmia and allow you to control the disease from the very beginning.

Only Microlife's patented PAD technology:
- Recognizes the very first signs of arrhythmia;
- Detects more than 85% of all known arrhythmias in the world;
- Distinguishes true arrhythmia signs from similar symptoms (artifacts);
- Distinguishes signs of arrhythmia from pulse wave disturbances caused by movements during measurement.

12: What is MAM technology used in Microlife Tonometers (Switzerland)?

MAM-technology for the first time made it possible to automatically take three consecutive measurements of blood pressure without removing the cuff, with intervals of only 15 seconds, to produce an intelligent analysis of the three measurements and show the exact result within one minute. 

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